The outer membrane covers the surface of the mitochondrion while the inner membrane is located within and has many folds called cristaethe folds increase surface area of the membrane which is important because the inner membrane. Mitochondria are known as the powerhouse of the cell because it is responsible for generating energy currency in the form of atp which is later utilized by the cell for performing various functions.
Benda in the year 1897 coined the term mitochondrion.
Cell diagram mitochondria. Diagram of mitochondria structure of mitochondria. Mitochondria have two membranes an outer membrane and an inner membrane. The mitochondrion m a t e k n d r e n plural mitochondria is a double membrane bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.
Typically there are about 2000 mitochondria per cell representing around 25 of the cell volume. The biochemical processes of the cell are known as cellular respirationmany of the reactions involved in cellular respiration happen in the mitochondria. They use carbohydrates such as glucose in chemical reactions based on an electron transport chain and the citric acid cycle.
These membranes are made of phospholipid layers just like the cells outer membrane. They are organelles that act like a digestive system which takes in nutrients breaks them down and creates energy rich molecules for the cell. Mitochondria diagram explaining the structure of mitochondria structure of mitochondria the mitochondrion is a double membraned rod shaped structure found in both plant and animal cell.
It is called as semi autonomous because it contains its own. Mitochondria is a semi autonomous cell organelle present in almost all the eukaryotic animal cells except for a few like rbcs. In 1890 mitochondria were first described by richard altmann and he called them bioblasts.
Some cells in some multicellular organisms lack mitochondria for example mature mammalian red blood cellsa number of unicellular organisms such as microsporidia parabasalids and diplomonads have reduced or transformed their. The final products of these reactions are water and atp an energy storage molecule. Mitochondria turning on the powerhouse mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell.